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Located 57 miles outside of Evansville and 11 miles southeast of St. Louis, Harrisburg is part of the Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky Tri-State Area and the main city in the Harrisburg micropolitan area. Harrisburg has about 10,800 residents while the larger metro area has a population of almost 25,000.
Harrisburg is located where Illinois Routes 34, 13, and 145 meet U.S. Route 45. The city is the gateway to the Shawnee National Forest in the Ozark of Southern Illinois.
Between 1900 and 1937, Harrisburg was the Midwest’s leading coal mining distribution hub. During this time, the city reached a peak population of 16,000 with one of the region’s largest downtown areas. It was the most populous city of Southern Illinois, although removal of the railroad, flooding, and a decreased demand for high-sulfur coal caused the city to suffer a slow economic decline.
The economy of Harrisburg in Southern Illinois has turned around over the last decade. The Wal-Mart Supercenter is now one of the largest employers in the city. Retail jobs are also very common as the city is the county’s retail hub.
One of Harrisburg’s most notable people was infamous gangster Charlie Birger, who was a major bootlegger during Prohibition. Birger first worked as a miner in Harrisburg before he viewed national prohibition as a business opportunity. Harrisburg was his first base of operations.
Other notable people from Harrisburg, IL include Henry Turner, the doctor who described Turner Syndrome; Virginia Gregg, the actress best known as the voice of Norman Bates’ mother in “Psycho;” and Danny Fife, the pitcher for the Minnesota Twins.
Places of Interest
Thousands of people visit Harrisburg every year as the gateway to the Shawnee National Forest. The Forest has several lakes and waterfalls with several beaches for swimming, hiking and horseback trails, and campgrounds. The forest has over 500 wildlife species, including 33 that are regionally sensitive.
Harrisburg also offers plenty of seasonal activities, including apple and pumpkin picking, ice skating, skiing, and hiking.
Harrisburg has two K-6 elementary schools, one junior high school, and one high school with more than 2,300 enrolled students in the district schools. Harrisburg High School has over 600 enrolled students while the new Liberty Junior High has about 300 enrolled students.
The city is also home to Southeastern Illinois College. Founded in 1960, the college has more than 2,000 students. Nearby colleges include Shawnee Community College in Vienna and the University of Evansville.
The main medical facility in Harrisburg is the Harrisburg Medical Center, which has 78 beds, 34 on-staff physicians, and an 18-bed psychiatric facility.
Orthodontist in Harrisburg, IL
Harrisburg offers excellent orthodontic services through Childers Orthodontics at 300 Small Street, Harrisburg, IL 62946. Contact the office through the Contact Us form above or call (618) 252-0770 to schedule an appointment.
Dr. Kyle Childers DMD, Childers Orthodontics
300 Small Street, Harrisburg, IL 62946
T: (618) 252-0770